Biographies A-Z

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Archdall, Mervyn

Archdall, Mervyn (1723–91), clergyman and antiquary, was born 22 April 1723 in Dublin, elder son among two sons and three daughters of William Archdall, goldsmith, and his wife Henrietta, a widow who was daughter of Henry Gonne, curate of Finglas. William Archdall was Dublin assay…

Archdeacon, Matthew

Archdeacon, Matthew (1798–1853), writer and schoolmaster, was born 17 March 1798 in Castlebar, Co. Mayo. He was probably the son of G. Archdeacon, recorded in 1810 as running a 'mathematical and mercantile school' in Castlebar, since from 1825 Matthew Archdeacon himself ran a '…

Archdekin (Ardsdekin, MacGiolla Cuddy), Richard

Archdekin (Ardsdekin, MacGiolla Cuddy), Richard (1619–93), Jesuit priest and scholar, was born 16 March 1619 in Kilkenny city, son of Nicholas Archdekin and his wife Ann (née Sherlock). After being educated at the classical school in Kilkenny, he travelled to Antwerp (1637) to…

Archer, Forster

Archer, Forster (1758/9–1826), protestant clergyman and inspector of prisons, was born in Co. Cork, the son of Richard Archer, a merchant. He entered TCD, aged seventeen (1 July 1776), graduated BA…

Archer, James

Archer, James (1550–1620), Jesuit priest and administrator, was born at Kilkenny and belonged, it can be deduced, to a patrician family prominent in that city. To prepare for an ecclesiastical career he went (c.1564) to the Spanish Netherlands, to Louvain, a hotbed of the…

Archer, James

Archer, James (c.1632–c.1680), military engineer and architect, was born in Kilkenny. His early life remains obscure, but he was a royalist, left Ireland at some point, and entered the French service; he later claimed to have served six years as a…

Archer, Luke

Archer, Luke (d. 1644), abbot of Holy Cross, was probably a member of the Archer family of Kilkenny. He began his ecclesiastical career as a secular priest, rising to the positions of archdeacon of St Canice's, Kilkenny, and (January 1609) vicar apostolic of the diocese of…

Archer, Patrick

Archer, Patrick (d. 1686), merchant, was fifth and youngest son of Walter Archer and Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Shee, from two of the leading families in the city of Kilkenny. Walter Archer served as mayor of Kilkenny in 1610; Patrick's older brother Henry sat as MP for the city…

Archer, Patrick

Archer, Patrick (1866–1949), writer and Gaelic League activist, was born 19 December 1866 in Oldtown, Co. Dublin, the son of Patrick Archer, a shoemaker, and his wife, Jane Donoghue, a teacher. Having secured a postion in the civil service in 1891, he was appointed to the customs…

Archer, Thomas

Archer, Thomas (d. 1800), rebel, was born in Castle Street, Ballymena, Co. Antrim. A presbyterian and a shoemaker's apprentice, he enlisted in the Antrim militia. On the outbreak of the 1798 rebellion he deserted from his regiment to join the rebels who occupied Ballymena on 7…

Archer, William

Archer, William (1827–97), naturalist and librarian, was born 6 May 1827 (some sources have 1830), the eldest son of Richard Archer (1796?–1849), perpetual curate of Maghera hamlet, Co. Down, and his wife, Jane Matilda (née Campbell). Nothing is known of his education, though his…

Archer, William (Liam) Aloysius

Archer, William (Liam) Aloysius (1892–1969), Irish Volunteer, army officer, and chief of staff, was born 18 June 1892 at 19 Aughrim St., Dublin, son of Edward Archer, post office telegraph inspector, and Susan Archer (née Matthews). Educated at St Peter's national school,…

Ardgal

Ardgal (d. 970), son of Matudán and overking of Ulaid 950–70, was of the Dál Fiatach dynasty. He succeeded his father Matudán son of Áed, overking of Ulaid 937–50, who was slain by the Uí Echach. During the reign of Ardgal, the Ulaid faced a threat from the Northern Uí Néill; in…

Arensberg, Conrad Maynadier

Arensberg, Conrad Maynadier (1910–97), anthropologist and sociologist, was born 12 September 1910 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, the eldest of the four sons of Charles F. C. Arensberg, attorney, from a steel and banking dynasty, and his wife, Emily Wright Maynadier Arensberg (née…

Arigho, John Edward (‘Jack’)

Arigho, John Edward (‘Jack’) (1907–99), rugby player, was born 10 July 1907 in 21 Victoria St., Dublin, second son of George Arigho and Mary Arigho (née Greene). Arigho's grandfather had emigrated to Ireland from Switzerland in the mid nineteenth century and had founded a printing…

Arkins, Thomas Michael

Arkins, Thomas Michael (1888–1913), founder of the Students' Representative Council, UCD, was born 14 September 1888 in Knockroe, Co. Clare, eldest of at least four sons and three daughters of John Arkins, farmer, and Bridget Arkins…

Arlow, William James ('Bill')

Arlow, William James ('Bill') (1926–2006), anglican cleric and peacemaker, was born in Banbridge, Co. Down, on 23 November 2006, son of William John Arlow, a printer on the local newspaper, and his wife Mary (née Wilson). One of his parents was the child of a protestant father and a…

Armour, James Brown

Armour, James Brown (1841–1928), presbyterian minister and political campaigner, was born 20/31 January 1841, youngest of six children of William Armour and Jane Armour (née Brown), who both came of presbyterian tenant-farmer families in Kilraughts, north Co. Antrim; the Armours…

Armour, William Staveley

This is a co-subject for the entry on Armour, James Brown. View the original entry.

Armstrong, Arthur

Armstrong, Arthur (1924–96), painter, was born 12 January 1924 at Carrickfergus, Co. Antrim, one of three sons among six children of James Charlton Armstrong, house-painter and decorator, and his wife Margaret (née Howard). Soon after his birth the family moved to Belfast. He…

Armstrong, Edmund John

Armstrong, Edmund John (1841–65), poet, was born 23 July 1841 in Mornington House, Upper Merrion St., Dublin, the second of three sons of Edmund John Armstrong, a clerk in the ecclesiastical commission, and his wife Jane, daughter of the Rev. Henry Savage (d. 1815) of Glastry, Co…

Armstrong, Edward Allworthy

Armstrong, Edward Allworthy (1900–78), clergyman, ornithologist, and scholar, was born 8 October 1900 in Belfast, son of Hamilton Armstrong and Mary Armstrong (née Allworthy), and grandson of Samuel Allworthy, a prominent Belfast physician. Armstrong was educated at…

Armstrong, Florence

Armstrong, Florence (1928–2010), teacher and pioneer of multi-denominational education, was born on 26 November 1928, one of four children (three boys and a girl) of Thomas Armstrong and his wife Elizabeth (née Dunne). Both parents were from farming backgrounds. Florence (usually…

Armstrong, George Francis Savage

This is a co-subject for the entry on Armstrong, Edmund John. View the original entry.

Armstrong, Harold Reginald (‘Reg’)

Armstrong, Harold Reginald (‘Reg’) (1928?–1979), motorcycle champion and businessman, was born, probably in September 1928, in Liverpool, Lancashire, England, the only son of Irish parents, Frederick W. Armstrong and Margery Armstrong (née Wilson). The family returned to Ireland to…