Biographies A-Z

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Hamilton, Gustavus

Hamilton, Gustavus (d. c.1691), soldier and governor of Enniskillen, was born probably in Sweden, elder of two sons of Ludovick Hamilton, a mercenary colonel in the Swedish army, and his Swedish wife. His grandfather was

Hamilton, Gustavus

Hamilton, Gustavus (1642–1723), 1st Viscount Boyne, soldier , was third son of Sir Frederick Hamilton (qv) (c.1590–1647) of Manorhamilton, Co. Leitrim, who had served in the Swedish army and the wars in Ireland, and his…

Hamilton, Gustavus

Hamilton, Gustavus (c.1739–1775), miniaturist, was one of the younger children of the Rev. Gustavus Hamilton, vicar of Errigal in the diocese of Clogher, rector of Gallen, Co. Meath, and formerly curate in Enniskillen in 1721–2, when he married his wife Jane (née Cathcart…

Hamilton, Hugh

This is a co-subject for the entry on Hamilton, Hugh or Hugo. View the original entry.

Hamilton, Hugh

Hamilton, Hugh (1729–1805), Church of Ireland bishop and scientist, was born 26 March 1729 at Knock, Co. Dublin, eldest of four sons of Alexander Hamilton, attorney and later MP for Killyleagh (1739–60), and his wife Isabella, a Maxwell of Finnebrogue, Co. Down; there were also two…

Hamilton, Hugh Douglas

Hamilton, Hugh Douglas (1740–1808), portrait- and subject-painter, was son of a Dublin wig-maker. He entered the Dublin Society School of Drawing about 1750 and was a pupil there for some eight years, studying under Robert West (qv) and…

Hamilton, Hugh or Hugo

Hamilton, Hugh or Hugo (d. 1678), Baron Hamilton of Glenawly , soldier, of Ballygally in Co. Tyrone, was probably the second of three sons of Malcolm Hamilton (qv), archbishop of Cashel by his first wife Mary, daughter of Robert…

Hamilton, James

This is a co-subject for the entry on Hamilton, Sir George. View the original entry.

Hamilton, James

Hamilton, James (c.1560–1644), 1st Viscount Claneboye , academic, and Scottish settler, was eldest son of Hans Hamilton, vicar of Dunlop, Ayrshire, and his wife Janet, daughter of James Denham of West Shield. He probably studied at St Andrews, where a man bearing his name…

Hamilton, James

Hamilton, James (d. 1734), 6th earl of Abercorn , soldier and politician, was the eldest of three surviving sons of Colonel James Hamilton of Donalong, Co. Tyrone, and his wife, Elizabeth Colepeper, daughter of John, Lord Colepeper, a courtier to Charles I and Charles II. His father…

Hamilton, James

Hamilton, James (1811–85), 1st duke of Abercorn and lord lieutenant of Ireland , was born 21 January 1811 at Seamore Place, Mayfair, London, elder son of James, Viscount Hamilton (1786–1814), and his wife Harriet (d. 1833), daughter of John Douglas, earl of Morton. His guardian, George…

Hamilton, James

Hamilton, James (1838–1913), 2nd duke of Abercorn and MP, was born 24 August 1838 in Brighton, Sussex, eldest son of James Hamilton (qv), 1st duke of Abercorn, and his wife Louisa Jane, second daughter of the 6th duke of Bedford. He was…

Hamilton, James Albert

Hamilton, James Albert (1869–1953), 3rd duke of Abercorn and first governor of Northern Ireland, was born 30 November 1869, son of James Hamilton (qv), 2nd duke of Abercorn, and Lady Mary Anna Curzon, daughter of the 1st Earl Howe. He…

Hamilton, James Archibald

Hamilton, James Archibald (1747–1815), Church of Ireland clergyman and astronomer, was born at Athlone, Co. Westmeath, son of Col. Gustavus Hamilton and Jane Hamilton (née Giverdot). From 1754 he attended the Royal School at Armagh before entering…

Hamilton, John

Hamilton, John (1800–84), landlord and writer, was born 8 August 1800, eldest among three children of James Hamilton, a wealthy landowner with 20,000 acres in Co. Donegal, and his wife Helen, daughter of Edward Michael Pakenham, 2nd Baron Longford. By the age of seven John was…

Hamilton, John James

Hamilton, John James (1756–1818), 9th earl and 1st marquess of Abercorn , politician, was born in July 1756 in London, posthumous son of Capt. John Hamilton (1715–56) and his wife Harriet, daughter of Sir James Craggs. He was educated at Harrow (1767–71), before entering (1773)…

Hamilton, John William

Hamilton, John William (c.1745–81), soldier, MP, and under-secretary, was born in Scotland, the only son of Sir Robert Hamilton of Silverton Hall, colonel of the 40th Regiment of Foot, and his wife Mary Peere (or Pier) Williams (d. 1777). Having been appointed captain in…

Hamilton, Kathleen

Hamilton, Kathleen (1905–90), duchess of Abercorn , public figure, was born Mary Kathleen Crichton on 8 July 1905 in London. Her parents were both members of prominent landed families well connected to British high society, especially to Queen Mary (1867–1953), who was asked to be…

Hamilton, Laetitia

This is a co-subject for the entry on Hamilton, Eva Henrietta. View the original entry.

Hamilton, Liam (William Joseph Lyons)

Hamilton, Liam (William Joseph Lyons) (1928–2000), lawyer and judge, was born 30 January 1928 in Mitchelstown, Co. Cork, the eldest of five children of Richard Hamilton, a member of the Garda Síochána and afterwards a chemist's assistant, of Mitchelstown, and his wife, Mary Ellen Lyons…

Hamilton, Lord Ernest

Hamilton, Lord Ernest (1858–1939), politician and writer, was born 5 September 1858 at Brocket Hall, Hertfordshire, seventh son and thirteenth child of James Hamilton (qv), 2nd marquess and 1st duke of Abercorn, and his wife, Jane…

Hamilton, Malcolm

This is a co-subject for the entry on Hamilton, Hugh or Hugo. View the original entry.

Hamilton, Malcolm

Hamilton, Malcolm (d. 1629), Church of Ireland archbishop of Cashel, was the son of Archibald Hamilton and either Maria Barkley of Ladeland or Anna Kennedy of Stamhasset Cassily. His father's provenance is uncertain; he may have been one of the Hamiltons of Raplock, Lanarkshire,…

Hamilton, Richard

Hamilton, Richard (d. 1717), Jacobite army officer, was probably born at his father's house at Roscrea, Co. Tipperary; he was the fifth son of Sir George Hamilton (d. 1679), 1st baronet, fourth son of James, 1st earl of Abercorn, and his wife Mary, the third daughter of Walter,…

Hamilton, Sackville

Hamilton, Sackville (1732–1818), politician and administrator, was born 14 March 1732 in Ireland, the third son of Henry Hamilton (1692–1743) and his wife, Mary Hamilton (née Dawson). Beginning a career of public service at the age of fourteen, he served as a clerk in the revenue…