Biographies A-Z

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Jenkinson, Sir Edward George

Jenkinson, Sir Edward George (1835–1919), civil servant and police administrator, was son of the Rev. J. S. Jenkinson. Educated at Harrow school and at Haileybury College (owned by the East India Co.), he joined the Indian civil service in 1856. Appointed to the North West Provinces…

Jennings, Patrick Alfred

Jennings, Patrick Alfred (1831–97), politician in Australia and premier of New South Wales 1886–7, was born 20 March 1831 at Newry, Co. Down, son of Francis Jennings, a Roman catholic linen merchant, and Mary Jennings (née O'Neill). Educated at Newry School, and in Exeter, Devonshire,…

Jennings, Vincent

Jennings, Vincent (1937–2010), newspaper editor and executive, was born 26 March 1937 in Church Road, East Wall, Dublin, the youngest of five children of Patrick Jennings, a railway clerk, and his wife Maud (née Brett). His mother died when he was four and his father subsequently…

Jephson, Robert

Jephson, Robert (1737–1803), dramatist, poet and satirist, was born in Ireland in 1737, the younger son of John Jephson, archdeacon of Cloyne (d. June 1742), and his wife, Elizabeth (née Crosse). A member of the Anglo-Irish family from Mallow, Co. Cork, he was educated at Dr Ford'…

Jephson, William

Jephson, William (1615–58), soldier and politician, was the son and heir of Sir John Jephson of Froyle, Hampshire, England, and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Thomas Norreys of Mallow Castle, Co. Cork. Jephson was a true Anglo-Irishman, having estates and family connections in…

Jerome, Stephen

Jerome, Stephen (c.1588–c.1650), protestant minister and writer, was educated at St John's College, Cambridge (BA 1604, MA 1607), and ordained in 1609. After serving in parishes in London…

Jervas, Charles

Jervas, Charles (c.1675–1739), painter, was born at Shinrone, King's Co. (Offaly), one of seven children (five sons and two daughters) of John Jervas of Clonliske, Shinrone, and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of John Baldwin of Shinrone. He travelled to London where he…

Jervis, Sir Humphrey

Jervis, Sir Humphrey (1630–1707/8), merchant and property developer, was second of three surviving sons of John Jervis of Ollerton, Shropshire, and his wife Elizabeth, daughter and sole heiress of another John Jervis, of Chatkyll near Eccleshall, Staffordshire. He appears in…

Jessop, William

Jessop, William (1745–1814), civil engineer, was born 23 January 1745 in Devonport, Plymouth, Devon, eldest child among two sons and a daughter of Josias Jessop, naval shipwright, and Elizabeth Jessop (née Foot). His modest circumstances might have precluded meteoric advancement in…

Jessop, William John Edward

Jessop, William John Edward (1902–80), physician, was born 11 July 1902 near Mullingar, Co. Westmeath, the eldest of three sons of John Brabason Jessop, a farmer, and Mary Jane Jessop (née Anderson), daughter of William Anderson. He was educated at the Ranelagh School, Athlone, and…

Jinks, John

Jinks, John (1871–1934), merchant and politician, was born 19 April 1871 in Drumcliffe, Co. Sligo, son of Patrick Jinks and Bridget Jinks (née Kilmartin). Apprenticed to Patrick Keighorn, a grocer in Sligo town, he subsequently established his own business as a publican, auctioneer…

Jocelin of Furness

Jocelin of Furness (fl. 1185–1200), biographer and hagiographer, was a member of the Cistercian house of Furness in Lancashire. He is said to have been brought to Ireland by John de Courcy (qv) and to have settled in the abbey…

Jocelyn, Percy

Jocelyn, Percy (1764–1843), disgraced bishop, was born 29 November 1764, third of four sons of Robert, 1st earl of Roden (qv), and his wife Anne, née Hamilton. Educated at TCD, he graduated…

Jocelyn, Robert

Jocelyn, Robert (1788–1870), 3rd earl of Roden , landowner and politician, was born 27 October 1788 at Brockley Park, Queen's Co. (Laois), eldest son of Robert Jocelyn (qv), 2nd earl of Roden, and his first wife, Frances Theodosia (d.…

Jocelyn, Robert

Jocelyn, Robert (c.1688–1756), 1st Viscount Jocelyn , lord chancellor, was the only son of Thomas Jocelyn of Sawbridgeworth in Hertfordshire, and his wife, Anne, daughter of Thomas Bray of Westminster. In 1708 he was pupil in the office of the solicitor Charles Salkeld in…

Jocelyn, Robert

This is a co-subject for the entry on Jocelyn, Robert. View the original entry.

Jocelyn, Robert

Jocelyn, Robert (1721–97), 1st earl of Roden , politician, seems to have been baptised in July 1721, the only son of Robert Jocelyn (qv), 1st Viscount Jocelyn, and his first wife, Charlotte Jocelyn (née Anderson). In 1740 he entered Exeter…

Jofroi (Geoffrey, Gotofrid) of Waterford

Jofroi (Geoffrey, Gotofrid) of Waterford (fl. 13th cent.), Dominican friar and academic, produced between 1290 and 1300 (with the assistance of the Walloon Servais Copale) a modified and expanded French translation of the Arabic medical text known as the ‘Secretum…

John

John (1167–1216), lord of Ireland and later king of England, was born at Oxford on 24 December 1167, the fifth and youngest son of Henry II (qv), king of England, and his wife Eleanor of Aquitaine. He was created lord of Ireland by his father…

John Scottus Eriugena

John Scottus Eriugena (c.810–70×880), theologian. We know little about Eriugena's life: c.810 is conjectured as his date of birth, and between 870 and 880 fits with what we know for his date of death. We know he was born in Ireland: scottus was commonly…

Johnson, Charles

Johnson, Charles (1794–1866), physician, was born in Wexford, son of Zachariah Johnson (whom Cameron describes as a man of means), and Charlotte Johnson (née Smyth). He began his apprenticeship at the Wexford Infirmary (1810) and subsequently moved to the Meath Hospital, Dublin,…

Johnson, Esther

Johnson, Esther (1681–1728), Jonathan Swift's ‘Stella ’, was born 13 March 1681 in Richmond, Surrey, England, daughter of Bridget Johnson, housekeeper to Sir William Temple (qv) of Moor Park in Surrey. It was rumoured, from early in her…

Johnson, Guy

Johnson, Guy (c.1740–88), American loyalist, was born in Ireland, son of John Johnson, landowner, and Catherine Johnson (née Nangle). His uncle Sir William Johnson (qv) was an influential figure in colonial America, and Guy…

Johnson, James

Johnson, James (1777–1845), physician and medical and travel writer, was born in February 1777 at Ballinderry, Co. Antrim, youngest son of a local farmer. Educated locally, he was orphaned while still young and became an apprentice to a surgeon-apothecary in Portglenone, Co. Antrim…

Johnson, Lionel Pigot

Johnson, Lionel Pigot (1867–1902), poet and critic, was born 15 March 1867 at Broadstairs, Kent, third son of William Johnson (1822–91), captain in the 90th Regiment of light infantry, and Catherine Johnson (née Walters). His paternal great-grandfather was