Ua Gormáin, Máel Muire
(fl. c.1170), abbot and martyrologist,
Little is known of Ua Gormáin beyond his status as abbot of Knock Abbey. The text of Máel Muire's martyrology provides some evidence of his personal interests. For example, his devotion to St Augustine is made clear by the inclusion in the text of three feast-days of the saint (28 August, 4 September, 11 October). Interestingly, his reference to the ‘black monks’ of Derry at 9 June would suggest that Augustinian canons had a foundation there long before the traditional date of their arrival in the early thirteenth century (Gwynn & Hadcock, 168–9). Other than the use of truag (8 August) and truagán (6 March), a term reminiscent of Latin pauper, to describe his monkish status, Ua Gormáin does not refer directly to himself. Among the sources used by him were copies of the Martyrology of Tallaght – his almost exclusive source of Irish saints – and of the Martyrology of Usuard. His is the earliest Irish martyrology to reveal the presence in Ireland of a copy of Usuard's very popular text.