Wogan, Edward (c.1625–1654), soldier, was third son of Nicholas Wogan of Blackhall, Co. Kildare, and his wife Margaret, daughter of William Holywood of Herbertstown, Co. Meath. The family originated from Pembrokeshire, and the Irish branch retained close contacts with their Welsh cousins. Although both his parents were catholic, Edward almost certainly converted to the protestant faith, possibly after moving to Wales in the early 1640s. In 1645 he joined Oliver Cromwell's (qv) New Model army, serving as a captain in Okey's dragoons; he fought at the battle of Naseby (14 June 1645), and was present at the siege of the royalist capital at Oxford (1645–6). He recorded his experiences of the war in a narrative entitled ‘The proceedings of the new-moulded army’, subsequently published by both Thomas Carte (qv) and the Camden Society. After the end of the first English civil war, Wogan's company faced disbandment, a threat that probably prompted his subsequent desertion from the parliamentarian army. Having forged a travel pass with Gen. Fairfax's signature, Wogan led his men northwards into Scotland, where preparations were under way for an invasion of England. Cromwell furiously demanded the return of the deserters, but Wogan, promoted to the rank of colonel, joined the Scottish forces. The invading army was decisively defeated at Preston Moor, forcing Wogan to flee to Ireland in late 1648. He served with distinction under the royalist lord lieutenant, James Butler (qv), marquess of Ormond, at the battle of Rathmines (2 August 1649). Shortly afterwards Ormond appointed Wogan as governor of the strategic fortress of Duncannon, Co. Wexford, replacing the ineffectual Capt. Thomas Roche. As Cromwell advanced through south Leinster, Wogan successfully resisted a parliamentarian siege, with the assistance of James Tuchet (qv), earl of Castlehaven. Captured during a skirmish in December 1649, he was sent to Cork to be court-martialled for desertion, but escaped from prison and rejoined the royalist army.
Specifically exempted from the pardon offered to Irish protestants by Cromwell in April 1650, Wogan accompanied Ormond into exile at the end of the year. Bored with life in France, he returned to Scotland and raised a troop of horse in the royalist cause. He fought at the battle of Worcester, once again on the losing side, but successfully covered the retreat of Charles II, who might otherwise have been captured. Forced to return to France once more, Wogan made preparations for his final adventure. In November 1653 he embarked, according to the earl of Clarendon, a close associate and admirer, on ‘as great a romance as hath been acted in our time’ (Clarendon, History, v, 313–15). He travelled to London and with a handful of royalist recruits marched through the English countryside, hoping, without much success, to raise an army for the king. Caught unawares, the parliamentary authorities proved slow to respond, and Wogan reached Scotland the following month, where he joined the highland force of the earl of Middleton at Dornoch in Sutherlandshire. Wounded in a skirmish at the end of January 1654, he died, aged just 28, a few days later due to insufficient medical attention, and was buried near Aberfeldy. Wogan was an inspirational military leader; his death was greatly mourned in English royalist circles across Europe. His portrait hangs in Malahide Castle, Co. Dublin. His eldest brother, William, subsequently served as sheriff of Kildare in 1687, and represented the county at the Jacobite parliament in Dublin two years later.