Gentry and Aristocracy

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Acheson, Archibald

Acheson, Archibald (1776–1849), 2nd earl of Gosford , landowner, politician, and colonial governor, was born 1 August 1776, probably on the Acheson estate at Markethill, Co. Armagh, elder son among two sons and three daughters of Arthur Acheson (c.1742–1807), who succeeded…

Adair, John George

Adair, John George (1823–85), land speculator and evicting landlord, was born 3 March 1823 at Bellegrove, near Monasterevan, Co. Kildare, son of George Adair, landowner and agricultural improver, and his wife, Elizabeth Trench, sister of…

Adair, Sir Robert Alexander Shafto

Adair, Sir Robert Alexander Shafto (1811–86), 2nd baronet, Baron Waveney , MP and author, was born 25 August 1811, elder son of Sir Robert Shafto Adair (1st baronet, of Flixton Hall, Suffolk, and Ballymena, Co. Antrim) and Elizabeth Adair (née Strode), and educated at Harrow (1823…

Adderley, Thomas

Adderley, Thomas (1715–91), landowner, MP, and entrepreneur, the only son of two children of Francis Adderley, Cork landowner, and Elizabeth Adderley (née Fowkes), was educated at TCD (BA 1735,…

Affrica (Affraic)

Affrica (Affraic) (fl. 1180–c.1219), daughter of Gofraid and wife of John de Courcy (qv), was a member of the royal family of Man and the Isles. Her father Gofraid (d. 1187), king of Man and the Isles, was a grandson of…

Agar, James

Agar, James (1713–69), of Ringwood, Co. Kilkenny, MP and landowner, was born 7 September 1713, younger son of James Agar (1672–1733) of Gowran, Co. Kilkenny, MP, and his second wife, Mary (née Wemys). He was educated at the Rev. Edmund Lewis's school, Kilkenny, before graduating…

Agar, James

Agar, James (1735–88), 1st Viscount Clifden , MP and landowner, was born 25 March 1735, eldest among four sons and one daughter of Henry Agar (1707–46) of Gowran, Co. Kilkenny, and his wife Anne, daughter of Welbore Ellis (qv), bishop of Meath 1732–4. He was…

Aífe (Aoife, Eva)

Aífe (Aoife, Eva) (fl. c.1153–1189) was the daughter of Diarmait Mac Murchada (qv) (d. 1171), king of Leinster, and of his wife Mór, daughter of

Ainsworth, Sir John Francis

Ainsworth, Sir John Francis (1912–81), 3rd baronet, palaeographer, and archivist, was born 4 January 1912 in London, the only son of Thomas Ainsworth, later 2nd baronet, a racehorse breeder and master of various packs of foxhounds in Ireland, and his first wife, Edina Dorothy Hope (…

Alexander, James

Alexander, James (1730–1802), 1st earl of Caledon , MP, was third and youngest son of Nathaniel Alexander of Gunsland, Co. Donegal, alderman of Derry city, and Elizabeth Alexander (née McClintock) of Dunmore, Co. Londonderry; both families were related to many people of importance…

Alleyn, Sir James

Alleyn, Sir James (fl. 1425–57), landowner in Co. Meath, lawyer, and officeholder, appears in 1425 as a justice of the liberty of Ulster, with the title of knight. At or after the end of 1427 he and Sir Henry Fortescue (d. c.1460), chief justice of the king's bench…

Anderson, Sir James Caleb

Anderson, Sir James Caleb (1792–1861), baronet and steam-coach promoter, was born 21 July 1792 in Cork, eldest of two sons and one daughter of John Anderson (1747–1820), banker of Cork, and his second wife, Elizabeth (d. 1830), daughter of James Semple, merchant of Waterford.…

Angulo, Gilbert de

Angulo, Gilbert de (d. 1213), lord of Morgallion and Anglo-Norman adventurer, belonged to a family of possible Flemish origin which had adopted its toponymic from Angle, Pembrokeshire, Wales. Gilbert and his brothers Philip and William were sons of Jocelin, baron of Navan, whose…

Angulo, Philip de

Angulo, Philip de (fl. 1214–33), lord of Navan and grantee of Bréifne, was son of William son of Jocelin, baron of Navan. On the death (1213) of his uncle Gilbert de Angulo (qv), Philip inherited the lands in Co. Meath of…

Annesley, Arthur

Annesley, Arthur (1614–86), 1st earl of Anglesey , politician, was born 10 July 1614 in Dublin, son of Francis Annesley (qv), Lord Mountnorris and Viscount Valentia, and his wife Dorothy, daughter of Sir John Philips of Picton,…

Annesley, Hugh

Annesley, Hugh (1831–1908), 5th earl of Annesley , horticulturist, and politician, was born 26 January 1831 in Dublin, second son of William Richard Annesley (1772–1838), 3rd earl and MP for Downpatrick (1815–20), and his second wife, Priscilla Cecilia (d. 1891), daughter of Hugh…

Annesley, James

Annesley, James (1715–60), peerage claimant, appears to have been born at Dunmain, Co.Wexford, the son of Arthur Annesley, 4th Baron Altham (1688/9–1727); the identity of his mother is controverted, and this was to furnish the focus in a lawsuit in the Irish court of exchequer in…

Annesley, Richard

Annesley, Richard (1693–1761), 5th Baron Altham, 7th Viscount Valentia, 7th Baron Mountnorris, and 6th earl of Anglesey , was probably born in Exeter, Devonshire, in November 1693 and was baptised there on 26 November, second son of Richard Annesley (d. 1701), dean of Exeter, and…

Archdale, Edward

This is a co-subject for the entry on Archdale, Mervyn Edward. View the original entry.

Archdale, Mervyn Edward

Archdale, Mervyn Edward (1812–95), army officer, politician, and landowner, was born 27 January 1812 in Dublin, the eldest of nine sons of Edward Archdall of Riversdale, Co. Fermanagh, and his wife Matilda, daughter of William Humphrys of Ballyhaise, Co. Cavan. Edward Archdall (1775…

Archdale, Sir Edward Mervyn

Archdale, Sir Edward Mervyn (1853–1943), landowner and politician, was born 26 January 1853 at Rossfad, near Ballinamallard, Co. Fermanagh, eldest among six sons and two daughters of Nicholas Montgomery Archdale (1820–77), sometime agent of the Archdale estate, high sheriff of Co…

Aylmer, Sir Gerald

Aylmer, Sir Gerald (d. 1634), 1st baronet, landowner, was third son of Richard Aylmer of Lyons, Co. Kildare, and his wife Elinor, daughter of George Fleming. By 1582 he had travelled to London in pursuit of property claims, carrying commendations of his conduct during the recent…

Bagenal, Beauchamp

Bagenal, Beauchamp (c.1735–1802), landowner and MP, was the eldest of three surviving children (one son and two daughters) of Walter Bagenal (c.1670–1745), landowner of Dunleckney, Co. Carlow, and MP for Co. Carlow (1725–7), and his second wife, Eleanor (née…

Bagenal (O'Neill), Mabel

Bagenal (O'Neill), Mabel (c.1571–95), countess of Tyrone , was born in Newry, sixth daughter and youngest among eleven children of Sir Nicholas Bagenal (qv), marshal of the army in Ireland, and Eleanor Griffith…

Bagwell, John

Bagwell, John (1752–1816), landowner and MP, was the only son among four children of William Bagwell (c.1728–1756) of Clonmel, Co. Tipperary, presbyterian, banker, merchant, and MP for Clonmel (January–July 1756), and Jane Bagwell, daughter of John Harper of Belgrove,…