Morley, Vincent

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Bell, James

Bell, James (1825–1908), chemist, was born in Altnanaghan, Newtownhamilton, Co. Armagh in November 1825. His parents’ names are not known. He was educated privately and at University College, London (1850–53), where he studied chemistry and mathematics. He had joined the inland…

Bernal, John Desmond

Bernal, John Desmond (1901–71), scientist, was born 10 May 1901 at Nenagh, Co. Tipperary, eldest of three sons and two daughters of Samuel George Bernal, farmer, of Brookwatson, Nenagh, and his wife Elizabeth Miller, daughter of a Presbyterian minister in San José, California.…

Comyn, Michael (Micheál Coimín)

Comyn, Michael (Micheál Coimín) (c.1680–1760), prose writer and poet in Irish, was son of Patrick Óg Comyn, farmer of Kilcorcoran, Co. Clare, and Joanna Comyn (née Fitzgerald). Michael's grandfather lost a substantial freehold in five townlands of Kimacrehy parish during…

Cotter, James

Cotter, James (1689–1720), prominent member of the catholic gentry and Jacobite, was born 14 August 1689 at Ballinsperry, Carrigtohill, Co. Cork, eldest son of Sir James Cotter (qv) and his second wife, Eleanor. Cotter was educated…

Cotter, Sir James

Cotter, Sir James (c.1630–1705), soldier and Jacobite, was second of two sons and three daughters of Edmond Cotter, gentleman, of Ballinsperry, Carrigtohill, Co. Cork, and his wife Ellish, daughter of John Connell of Barryscourt, Carrigtohill. James Cotter appears to have…

De Bhál (de bhFál), Éamonn (Edward Wall)

De Bhál (de bhFál), Éamonn (Edward Wall) (1667/8–1763), poet, was probably a native of Couragh in the parish of Dungourney, some 10 km north-east of Midleton, Co. Cork – the district in which he spent most of his life. Nothing is known of his immediate family, but a hostile…

Gearnon, Antoin (Gernon, Anthony)

Gearnon, Antoin (Gernon, Anthony) (1610?–c.1677), author and Franciscan, was born into a propertied Old English family, probably in Co. Louth, where the Gernons gave their name to the civil parish of Gernonstown. Nothing is known of his early education or immediate family…

Lloyd, John (Lúid, Seon)

Lloyd, John (Lúid, Seon) (1740?–c.1785), writer, was probably a native of Limerick. Information on his place and date of birth and family background is lacking, but the earliest datable manuscript in his hand was written in 1755. Lloyd may have been a quack physician in his…

MacAdam, Robert Shipboy

MacAdam, Robert Shipboy (1808–95), folklorist and antiquary, was born in High St., Belfast, younger of two surviving sons of James MacAdam (1755–1821), who owned a hardware shop in the same street, and his wife Jane Shipboy (1774–1827), a native of Belfast. MacAdam was educated at…

Mac Airt, Seán Breandán (Arthurs, John Brendan)

Mac Airt, Seán Breandán (Arthurs, John Brendan) (1918–59), Irish-language scholar, was born 16 May 1918 in Keady, Co. Armagh, one of eight sons and two daughters of James Arthurs, owner of a hardware shop, and Mary Arthurs (née Nugent). One of his brothers, Eugene Arthurs, was bishop…

Mac A Liondain (Mac Giolla Fhiondáin), Padraig

Mac A Liondain (Mac Giolla Fhiondáin), Padraig (c.1665–1733), poet, was probably a native of the barony of Fews, Co. Armagh, the district in which he spent his adult life. The son of Eoghan Mac a Liondain and his wife Siobhán Nic Ardail, Mac a Liondain was a prosperous…

Mac an Bhaird, Aodh Buidhe (Ward, Hugh; Vardaeus, Hugo)

Mac an Bhaird, Aodh Buidhe (Ward, Hugh; Vardaeus, Hugo) (c.1593–1635), hagiographer, was born in the barony of Tirhugh, Co. Donegal, probably at Ballymacaward, a townland that was named after his family. The Mac an Bhaird family belonged to the hereditary learned caste of…

Mac Brádaigh, Fiachra

Mac Brádaigh, Fiachra (c.1690–c.1760), poet, was a native of Co. Cavan. Nothing is known of his immediate family and his place of birth cannot be determined precisely, but he appears to have resided throughout his life in the parish of Drung – part of the MacBradys…

Mac Brádaigh, Philip

Mac Brádaigh, Philip (c.1650–c.1719), poet and clergyman, commonly known as ‘Philip Ministir’ or ‘Parson Brady’, was born in Co. Cavan about the middle of the seventeenth century, probably in the district to the west of Cootehill that had previously formed the…

Mac Bruaideadha, Maoilín Óg

Mac Bruaideadha, Maoilín Óg (1550?–1602), poet, was a son of Maoilìn Mac Bruaideadha, ollamh le seanchas or chronicler to the O'Briens of Thomond and head of one of the learned families of Gaelic society. Maoilìn Òg received an education in keeping with his ancestors’…

Mac Bruaideadha, Tadhg mac Dáire

Mac Bruaideadha, Tadhg mac Dáire (1550?–1625?), poet, was one of a large family born to Dáire Mac Bruaideadha, proprietor of Knockanalban in the parish of Kilmurry Ibrickan, Co. Clare, and his wife, Fionnghuala Gray. The Mac Bruaideadhas were one of the learned families of Gaelic…

Mac Cárthaigh, Diarmaid mac Sheáin Bhuí

Mac Cárthaigh, Diarmaid mac Sheáin Bhuí (c.1640–1705), poet, was son of Seán Buí Mac Cárthaigh, about whom nothing is known, and brother of Donnchadh (Donough) Mac Cárthaigh who was catholic bishop of Cork and Cloyne (1713–26) and was himself the author of verse in both…

Mac Cárthaigh, Eoghan ‘an Mhéirín’

Mac Cárthaigh, Eoghan ‘an Mhéirín’ (‘of the little finger’) (c.1690–1756), poet, was born near Aherla, Co. Cork, son of Diarmaid Mac Cárthaigh, a great-grandson of Tadhg an Dúna Mac Cárthaigh, chief of the Dunmanway or Gleann an Chroim branch of the MacCarthys and a…

Mac Coitir, Uilliam (Liam) ‘Rua’

Mac Coitir, Uilliam (Liam) ‘Rua’ (c.1675–1738), poet, was born at Curraghdermot, near Castlelyons, Co. Cork. Nothing is known of his parents except that his mother was a Murphy, but he had at least two brothers, Éamonn and Séamas. The latter, known as Séamas Mór Mac…

Mac Conmara, Donnchadh ‘Rua’

Mac Conmara, Donnchadh ‘Rua’ (c.1715–1810), poet, is believed to have been born in Cratloe, Co. Clare, but his early life is obscure and nothing is known of his family. According to tradition, he studied for the priesthood at the Irish college in Rome for five years, was…

Mac Craith, Aindrias

Mac Craith, Aindrias (c.1710–c.1795), poet, was born probably at Fantstown, near Kilmallock, Co. Limerick. Nothing is known of his immediate family or their circumstances, but by the early 1730s Mac Craith was teaching in the village of Croom, where he may have…

Mac Cruitín, Aindrias

Mac Cruitín, Aindrias (c.1670–1738), poet and scribe, was born at Moyglass, about 8 km south of Milltown Malbay, Co. Clare. The Mac Cruitíns were one of the hereditary learned families of Gaelic society and acted as seanchaithe (antiquaries or chroniclers) to the O…

Mac Cruitín, Aodh ‘Buí’ (MacCurtin, Hugh)

Mac Cruitín, Aodh ‘Buí’ (MacCurtin, Hugh) (c.1680–1755), poet and antiquary, was born in the parish of Kilmacrehy, Co. Clare, close to the modern village of Liscannor. The MacCurtins belonged to the hereditary learned caste of Gaelic society and members of the family served…

Mac Cuarta, Séamas ‘Dall’

Mac Cuarta, Séamas ‘Dall’ (c.1650–1732/3), poet, was probably born near Omeath, Co. Louth, although the Drumcondra area of Co. Meath is given as his birthplace in some sources. Little is known of his immediate family or their circumstances except that his father's name…

Mac Cumhaigh (MacCooey), Art

Mac Cumhaigh (MacCooey), Art (c.1738–1773), poet, was probably a native of the townland of Mounthill in the parish of Creggan, Co. Armagh, but local tradition also links him with Mahereagh in the parish of Barronstown, near Dundalk, Co. Louth, and he may have lived in the…