Langham, Sir (Herbert) Charles Arthur (1870–1951), photographer and natural-history collector, was born 24 March 1870, only son and elder of the two children of Sir Herbert Hay Langham, 12th baronet, of Cottesbrooke House, Northamptonshire, and his wife the Hon. Anna Maria Frances Cecil (d. 1876), second daughter of the 3rd Lord Sandys. After Eton, he was commissioned lieutenant in the Northamptonshire Regiment. In 1893 he married Ethel Sarah (‘Jenny’), elder daughter and heiress of Sir William Emerson-Tennent, baronet, of Tempo Manor, Co. Fermanagh, and thereafter settled at Tempo; Cottesbrooke was sold to pay off his father's debts. He succeeded his father as 13th baronet in 1909. As squire of Tempo he played his part in county affairs as JP, deputy lieutenant, and (1930) high sheriff.
Like many people in the 1890s, when the introduction of dry plates and roll film had made photography much more attractive for amateurs, Langham became a camera enthusiast, producing work of exceptional quality and interest in the late 1890s and early 1900s. The Langham photographic collection still belongs to the family, but a selection of its contents has been published. It consists partly of portraits, in the form of original prints, of ‘natives’ (as the photographer called them) of Tempo and district, taken with a plate camera. Some of these, particularly of poor farming families and labourers, are very striking. The other main part consists of good-quality Kodak snaps of fair-day and other traditional scenes in the village and souvenir shots from the Langhams' frequent travels in Europe or Ireland; some of these latter were probably the work of Ethel Langham. Sir Charles's other claim to biographical notice is as a natural-history collector, in particular as the creator of one of the great amateur collections of Irish butterflies (now in the Ulster Museum). As serious collectors he and his wife, who shared his interests, learned to preserve and document their acquisitions meticulously – a practice they extended to their photographs as well. Both died in 1951, he on 3 October.