France

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Abbadie, Jacques (James)

Abbadie, Jacques (James) (1654?–1727), huguenot dean of Killaloe, preacher, and apologist of the Christian religion, was born in Nay in Béarn, France, third child of Pierre Abbadie and Violente Abbadie (née de Fortaner). He received his early education at the local protestant…

Aherne, Eugene (John)

Aherne, Eugene (John) (d. 1806), radical and officer in the French army, was born at Lixnaw, Co. Kerry, probably in the 1760s. According to an informant of the Irish government identified only as ‘Jones’, Aherne studied in France at the Collège de Navarre before going to Scotland…

Andrews, Mary Katherine

This is a co-subject for the entry on Andrews, Thomas. View the original entry.

Archdale, Mervyn Edward

Archdale, Mervyn Edward (1812–95), army officer, politician, and landowner, was born 27 January 1812 in Dublin, the eldest of nine sons of Edward Archdall of Riversdale, Co. Fermanagh, and his wife Matilda, daughter of William Humphrys of Ballyhaise, Co. Cavan. Edward Archdall (1775…

Arthur, Francis

Arthur, Francis (d. 1824), Limerick merchant and developer, belonged to a long-established catholic patrician family in that city. His father, Patrick (1716–99), mainly an importer of wine and timber, was one of the developers of a new suburb, Newtown Pery; he built a quay on the…

Arthur, William

Arthur, William (1819–1901), methodist minister and author, was born 3 February 1819, probably in Kells, Co. Antrim, son of James Arthur and Margaret Arthur (née Kennedy), and spent his childhood in Westport, Co. Mayo. Though brought up an episcopalian, he attended (1837–9)…

Astley, Philip

Astley, Philip (1742–1814), horse-trainer and showman, was born 8 January 1742 in Newcastle under Lyme, England, son of Edward Astley, cabinetmaker. After a career of great gallantry in the cavalry, he set up a show in Lambeth, London, where he exhibited feats of horsemanship. Other…

Avaux, Jean-Antoine de Mesmes

Avaux, Jean-Antoine de Mesmes (1640–1709), Comte d'Avaux , French ambassador to the Jacobite court in Ireland, was born into a noble Béarnais family. He became the most skilled French diplomat of his day, acting as Louis XIV's plenipotentiary at Nijmegen in 1675–8, and then as his…

Barrington, Sir Jonah

Barrington, Sir Jonah (1756/7–1834), memoirist, judge, and MP, was born at Knapton, near Abbeyleix, Queen's Co. (Laois), third son among sixteen children of John Barrington, country gentleman, and his wife Sibella, daughter of Patrick French of Peterswell, Co. Galway. He spent his…

Barry, John Maxwell-

Barry, John Maxwell- (1767–1838), MP, soldier, and 5th Baron Farnham , was born 18 January 1767 in Dublin, eldest of two sons of Henry Maxwell (d. 1798) – bishop of Dromore (1765–6) and Meath (1766–98), and third son of John Maxwell (d. 1759), 1st Baron Farnham, of Farnham, Co.…

Barry, William Gerard

Barry, William Gerard (1864–1941), landscape and portrait painter, was born in Ballyadam, Carrigtohill, Co. Cork, where his father, Patrick Barry, was a local magistrate. Though not academically gifted, he showed a talent for drawing early on, and having left his local school, he…

Barton, Sir John George

Barton, Sir John George (1850–1937), engineer and surveyor, was born 13 October 1850 (possibly in Dundalk, Co. Louth), eldest son of James Barton (qv), a prominent engineer. John was one of the seven children of James Barton's first…

Barton, Thomas

Barton, Thomas (1695–1780), wine merchant and property owner, was born at Curraghmore, Co. Fermanagh, on 21 December 1695, the eldest son of William Barton and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of John Dickson of Ballyshannon, Co. Donegal. After being ‘bred up a merchant’ by his uncles…

Beaumont, Gustave de

Beaumont, Gustave de (1802–66), French writer on Ireland, was born at Beaumont-la-Chartre in the département of the Sarthe. He belonged to a conservative, aristocratic family, his full name being Gustave-Auguste de la Bonnière, comte de Beaumont, but, like his friend and…

Beckett, Samuel Barclay

Beckett, Samuel Barclay (1906–89), writer, was born on Good Friday, 13 April 1906, at ‘Cooldrinagh’, Foxrock, Co. Dublin, younger of two sons of William Beckett (1871–1933), quantity surveyor, of Dublin, and Maria (‘May’) Beckett (née Roe; 1871–1950), originally of Leixlip, Co.…

Belrieu, Jacques de

Belrieu, Jacques de (c.1630–1719), Seigneur de St Laurans, Baron de Virazel , huguenot colonist, was born at Bordeaux, France, and married (1651) Marie de Gaumont, with whom he had at least three children: Daniel, Charles, and Marie Ann. Virazel became a lawyer and…

Bingley, Sir Ralph

Bingley, Sir Ralph (c.1570–1627), servitor, and second of at least three brothers from Broughton, Flintshire, Wales, served with Drake and Hawkins on their last Caribbean raid (1595–6), helped to raise troops in southern England (1596–7), and commanded 150 foot under Sir…

Black, Joseph

Black, Joseph (1728–99), chemist, was born 16 April 1728 in Bordeaux, France, ninth child among eight sons and five daughters of John Black (1681–1767), wine-merchant from Belfast, whose family originally came from Scotland, and his wife Margaret, daughter of Robert Gordon of…

Blackwell, James Bartholomew

Blackwell, James Bartholomew (c.1765–1820), soldier, was born in Ennis, Co. Clare. Aged about ten, he was sent to Paris to be educated for the priesthood at the Irish College, where his maternal granduncle, Dr Bartholomew Murray, MD…

Bouhéreau, Élie (Elias)

Bouhéreau, Élie (Elias) (1643–1719), huguenot bibliophile, librarian, cleric, diarist, and administrator, was born 5 May 1643 at La Rochelle, France, son of Élie Bouhéreau, pastor of Fontenay, and Blandine Bouhéreau (née Richard). The family was of the upper middle class. He was…

Braose (Briouze, Briouse), William de

Braose (Briouze, Briouse), William de (d. 1211), lord of Braose in Normandy and Bramber and Brecon in Wales, was son of William de Braose and Bertha, daughter of William de Hereford. He succeeded his father in 1180 and by that time had already acquired a reputation as a ruthless…

Bryant, Sophie

Bryant, Sophie (1850–1922), educationist, home ruler, Celticist, and suffragist, was born 15 February 1850 in Sandymount, Dublin, second daughter and third child of Sophia Willock (née Morris) of Dublin and Skreen Castle, and the Rev. William Alexander Willock (d. 1879 in London),…

Bull, (George) Lucien

Bull, (George) Lucien (1876–1972), inventor, was born 5 January 1876 at 16 Upper Gloucester St., Dublin, one of two sons and two daughters of Cornelius Bull of Bedford, England, and Gabrielle Jouvé of Paris, owners of Bull's religious depository, Suffolk St., Dublin. Educated at…

Burgh, Richard de

Burgh, Richard de (c.1193–1243), magnate, justiciar, and lord of Connacht, was eldest son of William de Burgh (qv) and a daughter of Domnall Mór Ua Briain (qv), and nephew…

Burke, James (Jacques)

Burke, James (Jacques) (1739–1821), priest, was born in St Conald's parish (an area later known as Dromcliffe), near Ennis, Co. Clare, son of James Burke and Mary Burke (née Callery). Aged 17 he entered the Irish College, Bordeaux, where he was later joined by his brother, Thomas…